How preparatory cultivations process helps crops to grow faster and increase production?
Certainly, rainwater plays a crucial role in crop growth, but there are other aspects that contribute to the growth of the crop and enhance yield. For a batter yield, cultivation of the land is the primary stage. Cultivation is also refers to as tillage operations that prevent soil erosion and provide the perfect soil conditions. It allows farmers to control the moisture in the farmland. Tillage operation helps to enhance yield. And also makes other operations easy to perform – once the crop is grown.
Here is a thorough overview of tillage operations and their advantage to the crop and the farmland.
Faster rooting: – Spongy soil bed allows crops roots to go deeper into the soil and make a firm hold. A firm-hold prevents the crop from falling down from fast wings and rainfall. It allows crops to observe the water and rich nutrient from the farmland. Since there is no barrier to prevent roots from going deeper, crops grow faster than usual.
Uniformity in the crop: – Uneven soil surface raises critical conditions for the crop roots. On uneven surfaces, rainwater does not get proper drainage into the soil. On a bumpy surface crop- seeds take time to reach down to the water in the soil, and small pits on the land surface may get filled with water and cause decomposition of the seeds despite, this uneven crop plants may not get picked up by harvesting machines or labours. With perfect tillage operations, farmers can prevent the water saturation in the land and seeds from going too deep or staying on the shallow surface.
Nutrients and Germination: – Air and residue of the previous crop are two elements to ignite the process of germination in the soil. A hard piece of farmland without cultivation prevents the process of germination. Air has to circulate in the soil to give birth to the micro bacteria. Cultivation penetrates the soil, brings the subsoil layer to the surface. Air calculation in the soil evokes micro bacteria to grow. These micro bacteria process residues of plants, roots, leaves into manure.
Weed Out: – It would be best practice to control weed at its early stage. Cultivation or tillage operation prevents weed growth by braying weed seeds deep into the land. Precaution taken at an early stage reduces the expenses of weedicides. It ends the competition for sunlight. Nutrients get reserved only for the crops. Therefore, crop plants get direct benefits from the soil without any irruptions. Final by-product such as grains remains clean and does not require filtering.
Moisture management: – Maintaining the right degree of moisture is an important factor for crop growth. The land should not be over cultivated or under cultivated. Excessive moisture may decompose the seeds, and it lacks aeration. Extra moisture reduces the oxygen level in the soil. Crops like wheat, mustard, potato, pulses are sensitive to excessive moisture.
What should be the cultivation depth for various soil conditions?
Proper cultivation starts forms identifying the characteristics of the soil and soil conditions. The cultivation or tillage operation vary from crop to crop in the same way it varies from soil to soil. Cultivation operation into complete drown soil may not be helpful because it will leave big soil balls or plough of the cultivator may not penetrate the land surface.
Black- soil: – Black – soil has a high capacity for observing water and retaining it. The minimum depth for the cultivation should be 30 cm which can extend to 45 cm as per moisture and crop requirements, considering the water holding capacity of the black soil, cotton, wheat, jowar, linseed, castor, sunflowers, sugarcane is suitable for this soil.
Red- soil: – As compere to black soil, red soil lacks retaining water. Limit plough disc or plough to 20 to 25 cm. The red soil with a few fertilizers is suitable for the crops like millets, oilseeds, fruits, rice, and cotton.
Alluvial – soil: – It is one of the most fertile soil types that occurred across India. It is suitable for a range of crops like; rice, wheat, sugarcane, cotton, jute, potato, and vegetables. A minimum 25 – 30 cm tillage depth is required, but as per crop needs, it varies like, for maize 15 – 20 cm depth is enough. Despite, this information tillage depth for moisture varies based on the usage of soil and soil conditions.
KVH Agro Tech has tailored all cultivator models suitable for all types of soil conditions. Tillage operations are most frequently performed on land under irrigation. KVH has designed cultivators to reduce unnecessary load on the tractor. KVH Agro Tech has taken a unique initiative – To save time and effort of farmers and keeping the tillage operation unerupted, KVH Agro Tech provides ‘on spot repairing solutions’ for tractor operated equipment. Additionally, KVH Agro Tech has a range of networks of dealers. KVH Agro Tech is all set to assist you in perfect farming.